Mobile applications have become an indispensable aspect of our daily lives in today’s fast-paced digital era. With millions of apps available in various app stores, mobile app testing has become more vital than ever. Appium, an open-source automation testing tool, has become the go-to choice for mobile app testing. 

Appium offers a valuable solution for the automation testing of mobile applications on both iOS and Android devices. The process becomes more efficient, dependable, and economical by enabling testers to write automation scripts. Manual testing of mobile apps can be an arduous undertaking, but with Appium, it can be streamlined and simplified. It is essential to master the commands provided by Appium to ensure effective mobile app testing.

This blog will deeply dive into the top Appium commands essential for mobile app testing.  

What is Appium?

Appium is a software testing tool with an open-source codebase that facilitates the execution of scripts and evaluation of native, mobile web, and hybrid applications on Android or iOS operating systems through a WebDriver. Generally, Appium is used for software test automation to determine whether the application’s functionality performs accurately. 

Appium strives to provide a set of tools that support UI automation in a standard way across various platforms. Also, Appium unifies most of the automation technologies under a single stable interface. These automation technologies are accessible through popular programming languages like Java, Ruby, JS, Python, and more.

The use Appium tool can be enhanced when used on a cloud-based platform like LambdaTest. It is an exceptional cloud-based automation testing platform that offers many testing solutions, including Appium for mobile app testing. If you’re considering Appium mobile testing, here are some compelling reasons why LambdaTest should be your go-to solution:

  • LambdaTest provides access to many mobile devices and browsers for your Appium testing needs. You can select from online device farms of over 3000 mobile devices and browser combinations, including the latest iOS and Android versions.
  • It offers a parallel testing feature; you can run multiple tests concurrently on different devices and browsers. This significantly reduces the time taken for your tests while increasing test coverage.
  • You can perform real-time testing on mobile devices and browsers in the real-device cloud with LambdaTest. This enables you to observe your application’s behavior across different devices and browsers without any physical setup.

Appium Commands For Mobile App Testing

Appium comes in handy due to its wide range of features. That is why knowing about the Appium commands you can use to test your mobile apps efficiently is essential. Here is an overview of some Appium commands for performing mobile app automation.

Finding Elements on the App

Locating elements is a crucial aspect of mobile app testing with Appium. This task involves recognizing the unique identifiers of the elements, such as IDs, class names, accessibility identifiers, and XPaths. Appium offers a range of commands to locate elements in the app under test, including “findElementById,” “findElementByClassName,” “findElementByAccessibilityId,” and “findElementByXPath.”

The presented commands can effectively locate elements on Android and iOS platforms. One must consider that multiple factors, including the app’s stability, network connectivity, and device settings, may influence the element location process. Therefore, proficiency in utilizing these commands is crucial for testers to accurately and efficiently locate and interact with app elements.

Swiping and Scrolling

Swipe and scrolling smoothly is crucial in mobile app testing, especially in scenarios where app navigation requires swiping or scrolling gestures. Appium offers a range of swipe and scroll commands that allow testers to replicate such actions while running automated tests. The swipe command allows testers to perform vertical or horizontal swiping actions on a specific element on the screen. In contrast, the scroll command enables testers to scroll up or down easily. 

The speed, duration, and distance of swipes and scrolls can all be adjusted to suit the specific requirements of the test scenario. By effectively utilizing Appium’s swipe and scroll commands, testers can ensure that mobile applications are functioning correctly, and end-users can have a smooth and seamless experience while navigating the app.

Typing Text Inputs

Effective mobile app testing requires a focus on the user experience, particularly the accurate input of text. In Appium, the “send_keys” command simulates text input for Android and iOS platforms within text fields. This command can be used in various ways, such as selecting a specific locator for a text field element and passing the desired text string as an argument to the “send_keys” method.

These commands are of great significance when testing the functionality of mobile applications. As mobile apps require a considerable amount of user interaction through tapping and clicking elements on the screen, including these commands in your test scripts can enable you to conduct efficient and precise testing of your mobile app. This guarantees that your app performs as intended, enhancing its overall functionality.

Retrieve and Verify Element Properties

In mobile app testing using Appium, the “Retrieve and Verify Element Properties” command holds significant value. This command enables testers to access the properties of an element within the app and ensure its proper functioning. By utilizing this command, testers can acquire essential information regarding the element, such as its ID, text, and location, and then validate its expected behavior.

The “Retrieve and Verify Element Properties” command enables testers to ensure that the app functions correctly and that all elements display accurately. Additionally, this command allows testers to assess how elements interact with the rest of the app and whether they respond appropriately to user input. Ultimately, incorporating this command into the testing process is essential for ensuring optimal app performance and reliability.

Check the App Installation Status

Mobile app testing involves a critical aspect of ensuring app installation and readiness. Appium offers numerous commands designed to facilitate interaction with devices and applications. Among these commands is the “Check App Installation Status” command, which verifies the app’s status on the device. This command plays a crucial role in determining the successful installation of an app, providing valuable insights into its readiness for testing purposes.

The “Check App Installation Status” command provides a Boolean output that indicates whether or not the application is installed on the device. This feature is particularly useful in identifying and troubleshooting issues during testing. It enables testers to quickly confirm if the app is present on the device, aiding any issues that may arise. Incorporating this command in your mobile app testing efforts can streamline testing and facilitate fast, effective issue resolution.

Launch and Close Apps

Proficiency in the top Appium commands is crucial for a successful testing cycle in mobile app testing. Launching and closing apps are fundamental and significant commands among them. The “driver.launchApp()” command is used by mobile testing engineers to initiate the target app on the device or simulator. Conversely, the “driver.closeApp()” command is utilized to exit the app and return the device to the home screen.

It is important to note that when launching an app, the device should be in a state where it can access the internet and any other external resources that the app may require. Additionally, to ensure accurate testing, the app should be closed before the next test run to prevent any cached data or lingering processes from influencing the results. Overall, mastering these Appium commands helps to streamline mobile app testing and improve the quality of the final product.

Retrieve Device Information

One of the most critical Appium commands in mobile app testing is the “Retrieve Device Information” feature. This command enables developers and testers to access comprehensive details concerning the connected mobile device. Upon executing the command, Appium furnishes a report detailing the device’s operating system, version, name, model, and unique identifier.

Accessing this essential information is of utmost importance for testers to guarantee the compatibility of their applications with various devices and to effectively resolve any testing-related issues. By leveraging this command, developers and testers can refine their testing approach and streamline their testing procedures to ensure optimal performance of their applications across a range of devices.

Executing Mobile-Specific Commands

Appium offers a comprehensive set of mobile-specific commands that enable testers to evaluate the functionality of mobile apps. These commands encompass an array of functions, including launching and closing the app, retrieving the current activity, utilizing the back and home buttons, capturing screenshots, and more. The availability of these commands enables testers to interact with mobile applications in ways that are unique to mobile testing and not possible with web testing.

Moreover, Appium facilitates specific commands for each mobile platform, like iOS and Android, which enables testers to interact with the mobile app in a platform-specific manner. This functionality of Appium enhances the efficiency and effectiveness of testing mobile apps by providing testers with a quick and easy way to interact with the app.

Get Device Time Command

The “Get Device Time” is a valuable command retrieves the current device time being tested. It proves particularly beneficial in determining the precise timestamp of an event within the application. The command syntax entails utilizing driver.getDeviceTime().

This command is designed to facilitate the proper sequencing and timing of actions within the application. Also, it assists with troubleshooting time-related issues that may arise. Its output features a string that displays the device time in the YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.zzzZ format, which can be beneficial for diagnostic purposes.

Clear Element Command

The Clear Element command eliminates pre-existing text or values in the designated text box. It is capable of clearing text from both text fields and drop-down menus. Its significance lies in facilitating resetting text fields and other controls when running multiple test scripts in the same environment. Moreover, it is a valuable tool when testing text field validations as it ensures that previous entries do not remain in the text field.

The syntax for the command is “driver.clearElement(<element>);” wherein <element> specifies the element that requires clearing. This command is commonly used when a user tries resetting a specific input field. The purpose of this instruction is to erase any previously entered content and provide a clean slate for new input.


To sum up, these top Appium commands for mobile app testing can significantly improve the overall testing process and ensure that the application functions as intended on various devices and operating systems. The versatility and flexibility of Appium as an open-source automation tool has made it a popular choice for mobile app testing. 

By utilizing these commands, testers can easily execute scripts, locate elements accurately, and perform various actions on the app. With continuous improvements to Appium, it is an exciting time to leverage this powerful tool to deliver high-quality mobile apps to end users.

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