A literature review is a comprehensive overview of all the knowledge available on a specific topic. It is a systematic analysis of published materials related to a particular subject. The purpose of a literature review is to provide an overview of existing research on a topic and to explain how this research relates to the current study. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to conduct a literature review.

Identify Research Question

The first step in conducting a literature review is to identify a research question. A research question is a statement that defines the focus of the investigation. It is important to have a clear research question because it will guide the entire review process. To determine the scope and purpose of the review, it is important to consider factors such as the type of study, the time period, and the geographical location.

Gather Information

The next step is to gather information related to the research question. Sources of information can include scholarly journals, books, websites, newspapers, magazines, and other publications. To find relevant information, it is important to use keywords that are related to the research question. Once you have identified potential sources, it is important to read them thoroughly and take notes.

Analyze and Evaluate Sources

It is important to critically evaluate each source before including it in the literature review. When evaluating sources, it is important to consider factors such as the author’s qualifications, the accuracy of the information, and whether or not the source is up-to-date. It is also important to determine if the source is relevant and useful for the research question.

Organize Sources

Once the sources have been identified and evaluated, the next step is to organize them. Sources should be categorized according to theme or topic. Sources can also be grouped by content, such as primary sources, secondary sources, and tertiary sources. This will help to make the literature review more organized and easier to understand.

Write the Review

The next step is to write the literature review. This involves synthesizing information from the various sources and drawing conclusions about the topic. It is important to keep the research question in mind when writing the review and ensure that the information is presented in a logical order.


In conclusion, a literature review is a comprehensive overview of all the knowledge available on a specific topic. It requires identifying a research question, gathering and analyzing relevant sources, organizing and synthesizing information, and drawing conclusions. By following the steps outlined in this article, you will be able to successfully conduct a literature review.

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By Happy Sharer

Hi, I'm Happy Sharer and I love sharing interesting and useful knowledge with others. I have a passion for learning and enjoy explaining complex concepts in a simple way.

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