Conversion therapy is the harmful practice aimed at changing a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. It has been a controversial topic for decades, with advocates arguing for its effectiveness and opponents highlighting its harmful effects. Despite numerous studies showing its lack of effectiveness and potential to cause harm, this practice is still legal in many parts of the world.

The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of conversion therapy, its history, methods, and effectiveness, as well as to raise awareness about the harm caused by this practice. This article also aims to provide information to help survivors of conversion therapy understand and cope with the trauma they experienced.

The Science Behind Conversion Therapy: Exploring Its Controversial Methods and Effectiveness

Conversion therapy is based on the belief that being gay or transgender is a mental disorder that can be cured through various methods. These methods include talk therapy, electroshock therapy, and even medications. However, there is no scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of these methods.

Numerous studies have shown that conversion therapy can cause significant harm to individuals who undergo it. These harms include anxiety, depression, guilt, shame, and feelings of worthlessness. Moreover, conversion therapy does not change a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. In fact, many survivors of conversion therapy report that it did not change their sexual orientation or gender identity but rather made them feel more ashamed of who they are.

The controversy surrounding the effectiveness of conversion therapy still persists today. Some organizations, such as the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH), advocate for its use. In contrast, major health organizations such as the American Psychological Association (APA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have denounced its use due to its lack of scientific evidence and potential for harm.

Breaking Down the Myths: What You Need to Know About Conversion Therapy

One common myth about conversion therapy is that it is a legitimate form of therapy. This is simply not true. Conversion therapy is not backed by any scientific evidence and has been widely discredited by major health organizations. Moreover, conversion therapy is not the same as other forms of therapy, such as talk therapy, which is backed by scientific evidence and aims to help individuals work through personal issues.

Another myth about conversion therapy is that it can change a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. This is not possible. Sexual orientation and gender identity are an inherent part of a person’s identity and cannot be changed. Attempts to change one’s sexual orientation or gender identity are not only futile but can also cause significant harm.

Conversion therapy is also damaging because it reinforces harmful stereotypes and societal stigma about LGBTQ+ individuals. These negative stereotypes can lead to internalized homophobia and transphobia, causing more emotional damage to the individual.

Surviving Conversion Therapy: A Personal Account of Its Trauma and Harmful Effects

It is important to understand the trauma and harm that survivors of conversion therapy experience. Conversion therapy survivors often report experiencing long-lasting emotional, physical, and mental harm.

One survivor of conversion therapy, Alex Cooper, wrote a memoir entitled “Saving Alex: When I Was Fifteen I Told My Mormon Parents I Was Gay, and That’s When My Nightmare Began.” Alex details her experience of being sent to a conversion therapy camp by her parents where she was subjected to physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. She reports how the experience caused mental and emotional distress that still affects her today.

Unfortunately, Alex’s story is not unique. Many individuals who undergo conversion therapy experience a similar level of harm. Survivors of conversion therapy often experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation.

Conversion Therapy 101: Understanding Its History, Goals, and Techniques

Conversion therapy has a long history, dating back to the early 20th century. It was first used as a form of punishment for LGBTQ+ individuals who were seen as deviant or immoral. However, as time went on, conversion therapy became more widely used as a form of “treating” homosexuality.

The goals of conversion therapy differ depending on the practitioner and method used. Some practitioners believe that homosexuality is a sin and aim to “cure” the individual of their perceived immoral behavior. Others may use conversion therapy as a form of punishment or correction for being LGBTQ+.

Techniques used in conversion therapy vary significantly, from talk therapy to electroshock therapy or even aversion therapy. Aversion therapy involves pairing homosexual or transgender behavior with negative stimuli, such as electric shocks or nausea-inducing drugs.

LGBTQ+ Conversion Therapy: Addressing the Mental Health Risks and Ethical Concerns

The mental health risks associated with conversion therapy are numerous and can be severe. Many individuals who undergo conversion therapy experience emotional distress, anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation. These risks are particularly high for individuals who were forced into conversion therapy against their will or who experienced physical or sexual abuse during the process.

Moreover, conversion therapy raises significant ethical concerns. The practice goes against the fundamental principles of informed consent and patient autonomy. It also reinforces harmful and stigmatizing stereotypes about LGBTQ+ individuals, perpetuating social and cultural discrimination against this population.

Many states and countries have banned conversion therapy, recognizing the harm and ethical concerns associated with the practice. However, there is still a long way to go to ensure that all individuals are protected from the dangers of conversion therapy.

Reprogramming LGBTQ+ Identities: The Dangerous Pseudoscience of Conversion Therapy

The pseudoscientific basis of conversion therapy is a significant concern. It reinforces the idea that being LGBTQ+ is a mental disorder that needs to be cured. This belief is not only false but also contributes to mental health stigma and discrimination against LGBTQ+ individuals.

In addition, the techniques used in conversion therapy, such as aversion therapy, are not based on scientific evidence and can cause significant harm to individuals who undergo these treatments. It is important to recognize that conversion therapy is a pseudoscientific practice that lacks any evidence of effectiveness and causes significant harm.


Conversion therapy is a harmful and controversial practice that has no scientific basis for its claims. It reinforces harmful stereotypes about LGBTQ+ individuals and causes significant harm to those who undergo it. It is essential to raise awareness about the harm caused by conversion therapy and work towards banning this practice to ensure the safety and well-being of all individuals.

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By Happy Sharer

Hi, I'm Happy Sharer and I love sharing interesting and useful knowledge with others. I have a passion for learning and enjoy explaining complex concepts in a simple way.

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